### Principal component analysis: a review and recent ...Explore further

(a) Principal component analysis as an exploratory tool for data analysis. The standard context for PCA as an exploratory data analysis tool involves a dataset with observations on pnumerical variables, for each of n entities or individuals. These data values define pn-dimensional vectors x 1,…,x p or, equivalently, an n×p data matrix X, whose jth column is the vector x j of observations …

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